Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
CUNY LIBRARIES ARE OPEN both ONLINE and on campus! We are open online for reference & instruction. E-resources are fully available. CUNY Libraries physical spaces are also open for quiet study, computers and wifi, materials pickup, and more. Please note that library plans are subject to change based on the evolving pandemic situation and plans at each campus. At this time, due to the pandemic, campus access (including libraries) may be restricted to each campus’ current students, faculty and staff. Some libraries require reservations. Please check our College Libraries page for details about the library you plan to visit.
Support Students Impacted by Coronavirus Crisis Donate Now
Accessibility Information on Headings
Organizing a web page, word document or pdf with headings helps users get an idea of the page’s structure and organization.
Why headings are important?
- Headings provide structure to your documents by describing topic and subtopic areas in an outline fashion.
- When people can follow a site or document’s organization and structure, it is easier for them to comprehend the content.
- Headings become a navigation tool for both those who can see visually and those who use screen readers.
- Assistive technology allows users to pull up a list of headings.
- For those who use screen readers, the use of headings allows them to listen to a list of all the headings and skip to the desired area on the page or document.
- For those who can see, the use of visually apparent headings allows them to quickly visually scan the document or site to get an overall idea of meaning of the site or document.
- Headings also help those with cognitive disabilities understand and navigate.
- Headings helps users perceive and understand, POUR principles.
How to create headings?
- Make heading text brief, clear, informative, and unique.
- There should only be one Heading 1 <h1> per page, however there can be more than one <h2> to <h6> per page.
- Each level of heading, indicates the relationship from one part of the content to the other parts.
- The sub-sections under a heading relates logically to a heading above it.
- Duplicate headings can exist on separate pages, but each heading should be unique within the same page, if at all possible.
Specific Platform Instructions for adding Headings
- Select the plus sign to add a new block
- Select Heading
- Select Heading Level
- Headings help in organizing a web page or post.
- When creating headings in WordPress classic editor make sure to use the actual heading option and don't just make them visually look different by changing font or color.
- When selecting headings, don't use <h1>. Your page or post title is already an <h1> and there should only be one <h1> per page.
The built in headers in tools such as items, announcements, and discussion boards allow a student using a screen reader to skip between titles and easily navigate the page. To facilitate this, give elements meaningful names that allow students using a screen reader to know what the content is so they can decide whether or not they want to read further or skip down to the next heading for now. So you might, for instance, want to give more meaningful titles to your announcement than simply “Announcement,” or the date/ week.
- When creating headings in LibGuides make sure to use the actual heading option and don't just make them visually look different.
When typing a word documents use the built in styles to select the proper headers for your text.
Depending upon your version of word, there are somewhat different instructions on how to put in headers.