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Making Math Accessible
Math is a world of its own when it comes to accessibility.
- Current best practice is to author all math equations using code and editors like LaTeX or MathML.
- LaTeX can be coded by hand
- MathML typically is made by either an equation editor (like MathType) or through a conversion process from LaTeX (which MathType can do).
- Never paste images of math equations, these are not accessible.
- Many of the math equations one finds in digital environments are simply static bitmaps (digital drawings) of equation images in GIF, PNG, or JPEG formats. These images can be seen with the human eye, but they are devoid of non-visual information that can be utilized by assistive technologies. Such image formats are, by themselves, inherently inaccessible.
Useful Sites on Math Accessibility
Design Science's Solutions for the Accessibility Community
At Design Science, we believe math can and should be made accessible. The unfortunate reality, however, is that virtually all math in educational content and assessments is not accessible to many students with disabilities. We believe this is a problem that needs fixing and that it can be fixed. We are committed to working with the accessibility community to make math fully accessible in the next few years.
LaTeX & MathML from Accessibility 101: STEM Edition
This page will explain the fundamental differences between the two most popular mathematical and scientific notation systems: LaTeX and MathML.